A commemorative postage stamp on Prithviraja III, an Indian king from Chahamana (Chauhan) dynasty (part of Personality Series : Historical) :
Issued by India
Issued on Dec 31, 2000
Issued for : The discipline of history has seen a paradigm-shift in modern times, the emphasis now being on the study of socio-economic processes rather than events and personalities. Yet, in the course of the centuries that have passed one does come across personalities of extraordinary charisma, personalities whose deeds and achievements left deep imprints on the minds of their contemporaries and continued to fascinate subsequent generations. A set of commemorative stamps on four such historical personalities of India is being issued by the Department of Posts.
Design : This set of four stamps focuses attention, on India’s great historical heritage, on the lives of Samrat Prithviraj Chauhan (1162-1192 AD), Raja Bhamashah (1542-1598 AD approx), General Zorawar Singh (1786-1841 AD) and Rajarshi Bhagyachandra (1740-1798 AD).
Stamp : Calcutta Security Printers Ltd. – Based on the concept design by Alka Sharma.
FDC : Kamleshwar Singh
Type : First Day Cover
Colour : Five Colour
Denomination : 300 Paise
Overall size : 2.91 x 3.9 Cms.
Printing Size : 2.91 x 3.9 Cms.
Perforation : 13.5 x 13.5
Paper : Matt Chromo
Stamps Printed : 0.4 million each
Number per issue sheet : 40
Printing Process : Photo Offset
Printer : Calcutta Security Printers Ltd.
Name : Krishna Nath Sarmah
Born on 1166 CE at Gujarat, India
Died on 1192 CE at Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
- Samrat Prithviraj Chauhan (1162-1192 A.D.) ruled from Delhi at a crucial juncture of India’s history. Known for his bravery, chivalry and kindness, he has been immortalised in Prithvirajaraso, an epic poem composed by one of his associates Chand Bardai. The manner in which he wooed and won Sanyogita, daughter of King Jayachandra of Kannauj has made him a romantic hero. He succeeded in warding off the foreign invasions under Muhammad Ghuri for many years, and even routed the invading forces in the battle of Tarain in 1191. However, the forces of Ghuri regrouped themselves and another battle took place at the same venue in 1192, in which Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated and taken prisoner. This was a watershed period in India’s history and the fall of this powerful ruler opened the floodgates for foreign invasion.
- Text : Based on the materials furnished by the sponsors.
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