A commemorative postage stamp on the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Bombay :
Issued on Feb 9, 1996
Design : The stamp depicts the buildings of TIFR with Dr. Homi Bhabha in the inset. Some of its installations figure on the first day cover.
Courtesy : Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bombay.
Cancellation : Smt. Alka Sharma
Type : Stamp, Mint Condition
Colour : Multi Colour
Denomination : 200 Paise
Overall size : 3.91 x 2.90 cms.
Printing size : 3.55 x 2.54 cms.
Perforation : 13 x 13
Paper : Imported un w/m Adhesive Gravure Coated Stamp Paper in sheets of size 53.5 x 50.8 cms.
Stamps Printed : 0.6 Million
Number per issue sheet : 35
Printing Process : Photogravure
Printer : India Security Press, Nasik
- The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) was established in 1945 at the initiative of Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha. Since 1962 it is housed at Navy Nagar Campus in South Bombay. The Institute is proud to have produced many of the finest scientists of India who have been involved in seminal research in fields ranging from Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry, Science, Physics and Science Education to some aspects of Public Health.
- At the time of issuance of this stamp, there were above 400 scientists in the Institute working in various disciplines grouped into two major schools: the School of Mathematics and the School of Physics. The Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education at Deonar, Bombay, The National Centre for Radio Astrophysics at Pune and The National Centre for Biological Sciences at Bangalore also form a part of TIFR activities.
- The Institute has several field stations and research facilities in different parts of the country. A Giant Meterwave Radio Telescope, the largest of its kind in the world is at Khodad near Narayangaon, north of Pune and a large equatorially mounted cylindrical radio telescope and a high energy cosmic ray laboratory are operational at Udhagamandalam in Tamil Nadu. High Energy Cosmic Ray and Gamma Ray laboratories are operated from Panchamarhi in Madhya Pradesh and Kolar Gold Fields in Karnataka. TIFR runs a National Balloon Facility in Hyderabad which is among the best in the world and has the geographical advantage of being close to the geomagnetic equator. At Gauribidanur, TIFR scientists have built an extremely sensitive balance to study the difference between gravitational and inertial mass. A Heavy Ton Low Energy Accelerator capable of accelerating particles to moderate energies for studying heavy ion automatic interactions and a Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Facility to study complex modules are also housed in TIFR. The Institute’s Dental Section has been actively involved in investigations pertaining to carcinogenic effects of tobacco.
- In addition to the research laboratories, the facilities of TIFR include:
– A large library in India with more than one hundred thousand books and journals in its collection. The library is fully computerised and provides microfilm, microfiche, audio-video and compact disk reading facilities.
– A powerful central computing facility together with individually assigned personal computers and workstations for computation, control and monitoring of experiments and data analysis.
– A network connected to the world grid through high speed communication networks.
– A liquid helium facility for very low temperature experimental studies.
– A large workshop and glass blowing section for manufacturing high precision instruments.
- Pioneering work done in the Institute in several areas have resulted in the establishment of new National organisations such as the Society for Applied Microwave Electronics Engineering and Research (SAMEER) and the National Centre for Software Technology was developed at the Institute, were transferred to the industry and other departments of the Government of India. The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research is recognised by the Government of India as the National Centre for Nuclear Science and Mathematics.